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Horn Anatomy

Below are the 22 animals who have the best horns that will wow you. I also include their names and pictures down there, of course. Take a look and decide which one you think is the most beautiful. In this article, we’ll discuss 10 animals with the biggest horns in the world. For our measurements, we’ll consider horn length, as well as horn spread and weight.

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  • The conservation status of the wild water buffalo is Endangered.
  • The common escape into dry intellectualism is a cause of internal conflict.
  • When competing to win over a female, male rhinoceros beetles use their horn to fight against each other.
  • Many can reach up to 10 feet from point to point, and measure 60 inches long each.
  • While there are extensive efforts to prevent poaching, it remains a devastating issue which plagues many African national parks and conservation efforts.

They live in herds of up to 500 individuals, but males will often live alone. This particular breed of sheep inhabits the foothills of the Himalayas primarily. In the case of the Bharal, you will find that both the males and the females have curved horns. Antelopes are unique creatures that have strong, sharp, spirally, and curved horns.

As antlers grow, they are covered with velvet, which transports nerves and blood vessels . During the last stages of growth, velvet begins to fall off and they’re filled with coarse, spongy, lamellar bone, and marrow spaces. Any remaining velvet is removed when the animal rubs his antlers against trees or other vegetation. Rabbit-skin glue is more flexible when dry than typical hide glues.

It is believed that they use their horns to establish dominance and attract mates, but they don’t use them for fighting. Ossicones look like antlers but they’re covered with skin – so they’re not. Nevertheless, giraffe often use these ossicones in self-defense. To win this privilege, the males must first compete for dominance.

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One exception is the pronghorn, which sheds and regrows its horn sheath each year. Pronghorns are hunted throughout much of their natural range, but some subspecies are endangered. The horns split to form forward-pointing prongs that give the species its name.


These horns can grow up to three feet long and weigh up to 60 pounds. Scientific NameTaurotragus derbianusType of AnimalMammalRangewestern AfricaDietHerbivore Horn Length123 cm (4.04 ft)The giant eland is the largest antelope in the world. They are found in Africa and have two impressive horns that can grow up to 4 feet long. These horns are used for defense against predators, but they can also be dangerous to the elands themselves. Scientific NameCapra ibexType of AnimalMammalRangeEuropean AlpsDietHerbivoreHorn Length60 and 80 cmThe Alpine Ibex is found in the Alps around Europe.

The complex curvature of the horns is essential because the hartebeest is territorial and needs to fight with other hartebeests to maintain its lordship over a territory and its females. Additionally, the spirally and curved design of the horns gives the males a better grip allowing them to fight better. Antelopes also use the horns as a device to attract the female during mating season. One such group of animals that I wanted to discuss with my fourth graders was animals that have curved horns. They were surprised to learn that animals had different types of horns. Furthermore, these sea creatures can grow to more than 17 feet long and weigh 4200 pounds.

The threat could be another rhinoceros or perhaps a tiger. In many cases, the other animal is scared off by the charging rhino. But, if the predator remains, the rhino uses its single horn to defend itself against attack. Kudu is another type of antelope that has a rather stark appearance complete with horns. Though solitary fairly peaceful, kudu males may indulge in face-offs using their horns.

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The horns of the pronghorn are different to those of bovids such as antelope, cattle, etc., in that the keratinous sheath covering the bone is shed and regrown each year. Male bharals have impressive, ridged horns that curve outwards and backwards. The horns of females are shorter and straighter, goring to lengths of around 20 cm / 7.9 in. The Alpine ibex is one of five species of ibex, all of which are members of the genus Capra, which is home to goats and related animals. The Alpine ibex is found in the Italian Alps, where it lives on rocky slopes above the treeline.

The horns extend fairly straight forwards at an impressive 83 centimetres. Only the bulls have horns so it’s easy to distinguish male kudu from female kudu. Kudu males are also easily recognised by their impressive horns.